FEDERAL GOVERNMENT CHARACTER LIKE A RECIPE PERTAINING TO NATIONAL INCORPORATION:
THE NIGERIAN PARADOX.
M. D. BELLO
Email: [email protected] com
DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL RESEARCH,
UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN
The problem of representational fairness in Nigeria started while using problem of an unequal North-South duality. As though that was not problematic enough, the smaller southern component was split into two to crate a unhealthy Southern duality and an equally incapacitating national trinity. The try to redress North-South regional disproportion resulted in the creation of states nonetheless it resulted in deterioration the Southern against the North. This then simply became the justification to get other methods albeit the Federal Character Principle to get the campaign of a impression of that belong in the country by reducing or at least minimizing domination resulting from imbalance in appointments. The goal of the principle of government character is usually laudable, unfortunately the application and operation in the principle tended to distinguish rather than incorporate Nigeria.
The assertion that Nigeria is a creation of British colonialism is no longer incontrovertible. Encouraged by monetary considerations, the colonialists got wanted to limit their exploitative tendencies to the coasts. However , a combination of elements which were largely internal warned the recognition of their monetary motive, this encouraged the British to increase the hinterlands. That important decision over time thus annulled the sovereignty and freedom of the hitherto disparate autonomous socio-political agencies which acquired inhabited Nigeria. The cure of the region by the United kingdom inevitably triggered the institution of a system of administration alien to the people. Two sorts of operations direct and indirect were tried out. The result of this holiday resort is that the numerous nationalities inhabiting Nigeria never have been wielded into a nation in which all of them would have a stake (Ubah, in Saliu 1999). The immense area of issue the British with exploitation and the ruthlessness that characterized its pursuit made them to be contented with to get nationalities because farther apart as possible, the so-called amalgamation of the North and Southern Protectorates in 1914 in spite of (Usman, in Saliu 1999). Thus offering an unfortunate although conducive environment for shared suspicion and distrust among the disparate groups in Nigeria.
On October 1st 60, Nigeria attained clientele sovereignty with lopsided Federation. The Political tripod was dominated by the " majorsвЂќ to the exclusion from the " group groupsвЂќ. This brought to spotlight the knotty issue of domination which will evoked abnormal fears of marginalization ( Management 2008).
Nigeria's population can be estimated at 140 large numbers (Bello 2006). The country features between 250 and 500 ethnic groupings depending on the criteria used. A total of 374 ethnic teams were determined by Otite. These cultural groups happen to be broadly split up into ethnic " majoritiesвЂќ and ethnic " minoritiesвЂќ (Otite, 1990).
The numerically and politically majorities ethnic groupings are the amalgamated Hausa-Fulani with the North with moslem majority, the Yorubas of the Southern and the Igbos of the South-East with christian majority. Up against the backdrop on this ethno-religious make up, political issues in Nigeria are seen off their ethnio-religious perspectives, thereby providing credence to ethnic and religious jingoists and battle lords. Political offices and appointments are seen as struggle fields among the list of various ethnic groups, in which the battles must be fought with the available guns a group can easily muster (see Obi and Obiekeze, 2004; Suberu, and Diamond, 2004).
The problem of acrimonious living among the various groups and interests inside the federation of Nigeria resulting in mutual distrust, suspicion and inter-communal conflicts has become Perennial and endemic in the country's body Politic and provides militated against...
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